Toni Morrison, writes about the African-American experience which has bought her world wide recognition. A child of the depression, Morrison worked in kitchens from the age of 12, but her father a shipyard welder, told her: “they don’t decide who you are.” at Howard, the famed black university in Washington DC, in 1949-53, she majored in English. She was shocked not only by segregation in the US capital but by a colour hierarchy imposed by well off African Americans later explored in her novels. ” I was ignorant about the world,” she says. ” I didn’t know people who had a fear of White people, or about ‘paper bag tests’: if you were darker than a paper bag, you couldn’t get into places.” after an MA at cornell on Faulkner and Woolf , Morrison returned to Howard in 1957-64; among her students were civil rights leaders, including Stokely Carmichael. She married Harold Morrison, a Jamaican architect, in 1958. She had a passion for nurturing African- American writers: Toni Cade bamara, June Jordan, Angela Davis, Gayle Jones, George Jackson, Huey Newton. ” I looked for people who had something to say.” The historian CLR James who championed M orrison in Britain, found Sula astonishing and revealing in it’s implication that the ‘real fundamental human differences is not between black and White but between men and women.” in 1993 Morrison received a Nobel prize for literature the first black woman to win it. Source Maga jaggi #blackhistorymonth morrison’s book beloved was from a true story of Margaret Garner, a runaway slave who killed her child, Garner was not tried for murder but for theft of her masters property. Thus proves African- Americans who were slaves were treated as livestock.