Olmec, the word Olmec is derived from the Aztec root ollin, which means “rubber”, thus Olmec may be translated as “the rubber people,” or the people from the land where rubber is produced. The question of an African presence in early American civilisation was first raised in 1858 when a gigantic head with African features was dis covered in the village of tres zapotes, Mexico. A brief description of this head appeared in the bulletin of the Mexico society of geography and statistics in 1869. It was authored by Jose meglar and it read: in 1862 I was in the region of San andres tuxtla, a town in the state of Veracruz, in Mexico. During my excursions, I learned that a colossal head had been unearthed a few years before. On my arrival at the hacienda I asked the owner (of the property where the head was discovered) to take a look at it. We went, and I was struck with surprise: as a work of art, it is without exaggeration a magnificent sculpture. What astonished me was the Ethiopic type represented. I reflected that there had undoubtedly been Negroes in this country, and that this had been in the first epoch of the world. Source Nile valley contributions to civilisation, anthony t. Browder.