Just outside Bristol, in the countryside of south Gloucestershire lies the small village of Codrington. It shares it’s name with the capital of an Island in the Caribbean Barbuda. The slave trader Christopher Codrington in 1649 emigrated with his family to Barbados. In 1684 his son founded a sugar estate at Betty’s Hope in Antigua. On January 9th 1685 Christopher and John Codrington were granted the first 50 year lease by King Charles II. Queen Anne renewed and extended the lease for 99yrs to Christopher Codrington on June 5th 1705. The rent was one fat sheep a year if demanded.
The Africans who came to Barbuda are known to have come from the Ibo, Yoruba and Ejo tribes in Nigeria, Ghana, Gambia and Sierra Leone.
In his will Christopher Codrington bequeathed certain areas of Barbuda to the society for the proagation of the gospel. The produce and the profit was to be used for the maintenance and upkeep of Codrington college in Barbados. A comprehensive written record of the early inhabitants of Barbuda comes from infomation contained in the letter and memorandum book of Sir William Codrington (1715-1790).
The origin of the slave breeding controversy on Barbuda stems from 1756. Codrington, in correspondence with his manager suggested that the island should become a nursery for engross to make Barbuda more profitable. The intention being that Barbuda could become the supplier of slaves for resale to other Caribbean Islands.
Lavenham and Clark (1977) calculated that 172 slaves were exported from 1779to 1834 most were destined for estates in Antigua, but 37 went to the leeward island, and others to the southern colonies on the United States. Exported batches of 12,18,24,15,19 and 41 slaves would suggest that Codrington made sure his policy was implemented.
Records reveal that several Barbudan slave rebellions occurred during the employment of managers Dennis Reynolds, John James, John Osborne, Dickson, Jarritt, and Winter. The most serious was the insurrection in 1834 when an attempt was made to ship all Barbuda to Codrington’s plantations in Antigua. There was a general revolt and troops were sent from Antigua to quell the uprising. An additional factor that induced the insurrection may been the failure by the British parliament to name Barbudan’s in the slavery emancipation Act of 1834. Thus, Barbudan’s had to free themselves from slavery. At abolition, Barbudan’s numbered 500.
In my opinion the fact that Oxford university has a statue of Cecil Rhodes which stands for the theft of minerals of South Africa which black South Africans has not benifted from. The white trillionaires are getting richer whilst the rest stays the same. Codrington had the Island of Barbuda at the paltry amount of a one fat sheep a year. Codrington used Barbuda as a breeding island for slaves which were used as cattle to sell on. Codrington has a library named after him at Oxford university. As long as you have the reputation for the disgusting treatment of black people you can obviously have an ever lasting memorial to you at Oxford university, we now just have to wait for the arrival from Washington the statue of Albert Pike the founder of the Ku Klux Klan.